What is software?
When we talk about Software we refer generically to the programs of a computing device, however software also encompasses everything that is intangible in a computer system. This term designates the software of a computer, as opposed to the physical aspects of it.
The software is composed of a set of programs that are designed to fulfill a certain function within a system, whether they are carried out by users or by the same corporations dedicated to computing.
The concept of software, as we said before, makes up the logical part of a computer system, allowing it to function. This means then that not only programs are and form software, but user information and processed data make up the software, since every intangible and non-physical component is part of it.
The software can be classified into different categories depending on the use and utility. Next we are going to see the most common types of software.
- System Software
It is the program responsible for the execution of installed applications for a system to operate correctly, which includes optimization tools, device drivers, servers, among other components. It is not the same as the operating system that we commonly find on our computers or devices, since this type of software or program goes further.
- Programming Software
They are all the tools that allow the development of a new software or program. This type of software is usually used by programmers who are capable of conceiving and developing computer systems, as well as implementing them and putting them into production, using one or more programming languages.
- App software
It is a program designed to facilitate some specific tasks for any device or computing medium such as computers, cell phones and tablets. Some of these programs are those used in companies as business, educational, or statistical productivity applications. Applications for commercial use, assisted design programs and video games.
- Malicious Software
Malicious software also known as Malware contains viruses, scripts and links for illicit purposes such as obtaining private information from the user without their consent and damaging the system. Criminals typically use these programs to steal financial information, send spam, and commit fraud.
- System Software
Free Software and Private Software
Free software is used for those programs that allow the user to use, copy, modify and distribute it. Some examples of this type of free software are the Linux Ubuntu operating system, Moodle, Apache, Mozilla Firefox, among others.
On the other hand, there is the proprietary or proprietary software which, unlike the previous one, the programs have some kind of restriction. The owner of the software prohibits or restricts the use, redistribution and modification. For example, some of the proprietary programs are the following: Windows operating system, Microsoft Office, Photoshop, Norton Antivirus, etc.
Importance of Software
Nowadays, software is used to control practically any electronic device. They are found in communications, transportation, business systems. Also in household devices such as a TV, cell phone, computer, washing machine, etc. In short, modern society depends on the correct functioning of software.